How to Run the CHKDSK Command Correctly


Windows has many packages that assist restore broken or failed exhausting drives. If your PC unit already has a time of use, it’s regular that it doesn’t work as on the first day. In this case, it’s often advisable to perform an evaluation to appropriate potential failures.

As we mentioned, there are many free packages for Windows that carry out these cleansing duties. Almost all of them use a restore system already included in Windows itself natively.

It is Microsoft’s “Check Disk” program (additionally identified merely as CHKDSK), and as well as to being free, it’s one in every of the only you will discover on the market even in the present day. It can test the integrity of the exhausting disk and restore logical errors in the file system shortly and effectively.

How to run the CHKDSK command to restore the exhausting drive

Microsoft’s Check Disk program isn’t a newcomer. It is a veteran device that first noticed the gentle of day in 1980 throughout the first Windows and DOS methods. Like most system utilities, Check Disk doesn’t have a graphical interface, so it’s run immediately by invoking a command from a terminal window or MS-DOS.

Like different MS-DOS instructions, the “chkdsk” command helps the potential to add sure further parameters. Depending on the parameters entered, the command will carry out totally different duties.

CHKDSK command construction and parameters

CHKDSK [volume [[path] file identify]]] [/ F] [/ V] [/ R] [/ X] [/ I] [/ C] [/ L [: size]] [/ B] [ / scan] [/ spotfix]CHKDSK command

This is the primary construction of the CHKDSK command and all the parameters it accepts. Of course, you can not execute all of them at the similar time, however you should have to select the applicable parameters for the job you need to perform.

For instance, in case your exhausting drive (C 🙂 is broken, you’ll execute the command with the following parameters.

chkdsk / f C:

The latter is the easiest restore command. It parses the drive and fixes any errors the “/ f” parameter finds.

Another instance:

chkdsk / r C:

With the “/ r” parameter, the chkdsk command appears for dangerous sectors on the exhausting disk and tries to get well all the info that may nonetheless be learn.

chkdsk / x / f C:

In this fashion, what the command will do is analyze drive C, appropriate disk errors (“/ f” parameter), and even pressure the quantity to be dismounted upfront if needed (“/ x” parameter).

The Check Disk command additionally works with exterior drives in NTFS or FAT format. So, if in case you have a USB stick or an exterior disk, you possibly can analyze it with out issues out of your PC with this command.

From right here, the relaxation is a matter of utilizing the needed parameters relying in your wants.

Another manner to test disk errors from Windows

Finally, understand that if in case you have issues utilizing the Check Disk instructions, you possibly can all the time obtain the similar results by doing the following:

  • Open a Windows Explorer window.
  • Go to “This Computer” or “My Computer.”
  • Right-click on the drive you need to analyze and restore. Click on “Properties.”
  • Finally, go to the “Tools” tab and choose “Error test Error-checking

Depending on the dimension of the scanned unit, it’ll take roughly time to end the scan. If Windows detects any error, it’ll merely ask you to restart the pc to appropriate it. For sensible functions, you’ll obtain the similar consequence as with the CHKDSK command.